Hypertension.(Preeclampsia and Hypertension Emergency)Questions and Answers.Nicknamed of hypertension is silent killer.

Pregnancy Induced Hypertension:Preeclampsia is depicted by the start of acute hypertension after twenty four weeks of pregnancy. The cause of preeclampsia is unknown .The symptoms of preeclampsia are Hypertension, protein in the urine and edema. It occurs in a very small percentage of pregnant women(>5%)There are mild preeclampsia and severe preeclampsia. Mild preeclampsia blood pressure 140/90mmHg or more with proteinuria and edema after twenty four weeks of pregnancy. Severe preeclampsia occurs twenty four weeks of pregnancy with blood pressure of 160/110mmHg or more for more than two occasions 6hours apart with proteinuria, Oliguria 400ml of urine in 24hours,cerebral vascular disorder. Preeclampsia affects the metabolic demands of the body, the kidney, the electrolyte imbalance.This is very interesting. Read more about the complications of preeclampsia such premature separation of the placenta.

Treatment for preeclampsia are to prevent the pregnant patient from worrisome so that it will not lead to placenta abruption. Encourage Bedrest ,the wellbeing of the patient and baby are very important. Also encourage patient to maintain normal activities at home.

Malignant Hypertension also known as Hypertension Emergency. Can simply be defined as when severe Hypertension with diastolic greater than 120mmHg is accompanied by signs of organ damage the brain, kidney or the cardiovascular system.And patient may be with severe headaches, blurred vision, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident . Be careful with Hypertension Emergency because it can affect the organs of the body.Medications use to treat Hypertension are diuretics such lasix,thiazide derivatives, vasodilator such as prazosin and hydralazine,ace inhibitors. And patients are advised to decrease sodium intake, decrease high fat diet, loss weight and some bedrest when feeling uncomfortable, dizziness or fatigue. Follow your doctor orders, check your blood pressure and take your medications as prescribed.

Questions and answers

(7) All of the following are diuretics except?.

(A )Potassium sparing diuretics.

(B )Thiazide diuretic.

(C) Loop diuretic.

(D )Hook diuretic.

Correct answer is D.

Rationale: Studies have shown that there is no Hook diuretic. Research articles and WEBMD could not find it.A, B,C are diuretics .The general action of diuretics is the prevention of water and sodium by the kidneys.

(8) What are the side effects of beta blockers?.

(A )Tiredness.

(B) Coldness of lower extremities.

(C) Weight gain.

(D )All of the above.

Correct answer D.

Rationale: Like any other medication beta blockers also have side effects. So the nurse should encourage patients to know the side effects of medication, maintain low sodium intake, daily weight,loss weight,decrease alcohol intake and monitor blood pressure.

(9)What are the conditions that can lead to secndary hypertension?.

(A )Situation that affects the heart.

(B) Conditions that affect the kidney.

(C )Pregnancy.

(D )All of the above is correct.

Correct answer D.

(10) What is the action of potassium sparing diuretic?.

(A)Stop the loss of Potassium while losing sodium and water.Aldactone is one of those medications that will allow you to urinate very well while spaying potassium.

(B )Stop water and potassium from leaving body.

(C) Retain the electrolytes.

(D )All of the above effects.

Correct answer A.

Rationale:It prevents the reabsorption of sodium and water.

(11)Hypertension crisis is defined as

(A) Blood pressure of 180/120.

(B )Blood pressure 129/80.

(C)Blood pressure 130/80.

(D )Blood pressure 140/90.

Correct answer A.

Rationale: Normal blood pressure is less than 130/80.So 180/120 is Hypertension crisis and intervention is needed.

(12) What is the origin of preeclampsia?.

(A) The origin of preeclampsia remains unknown.

(B )The origin is in pregnancy.

(C )The origin is in secondary Hypertension.

(D) All of the above is incorrect.

Correct answer A.

Rationale: Studies shows that the origin of preeclampsia is unknown.

(13)Hypertension is nicknamed a silent killer because?.

(A) Because it comes in through the backdoor and kill you.

(B )The name itself is wrong.

(C) Because it could be asymptomatic,that is no sign but mild headaches.

(D) All of the above is correct.

Rationale: It is a silent killer because you might not have the symptoms or mild symptoms such as mild headaches and pressure at the back of your neck. Get your blood pressure machine and keep at home. It will save your life. Amazon.com/blood pressure. They are inexpensive.

Published by edochie99

A Registered Nurse with over twenty years of hospital experience, an author with Masters Degree in Nursing,also Bachelor Degree in Nursing,graduated in 1996 from USC,University of Southern California.MSN in 2009 University of Phoenix.

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