Under standard precautions or universal precautions blood and body fluids of all patients (clients) are potential for infection for hepatitis B virus, (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus and other blood-borne pathogens.
The most single source of HIV ,HBV and other pathogens in healthcare settings is through the blood. So prevention of exposure to blood and Hepatitis B immunization is a MUST for healthcare professionals.
According to the Epidemiology report these pathogens can be transmitted through blood, breast milk,semen and vaginal secretions.
Universal precautions also applies to synovial fluid, cerebrospinal fluids, amniotic fluids, pleural fluids and peritoneal fluids. Healthcare professionals must assume that all patients are infected and maintain strict universal precautions at all times.
General prevention for Transmission of HIV.
Apply universal precautions at all time, wear gloves when touching soiled surfaces, blood , body fluids or performing venipuncture and other vascular access procedures.
Change gloves and use protective barriers such as mask,gloves, goggles faceshield, gowns and apron).
Protection of self from needle injuries.
Do not recap needle,bend,or broke by hand,removed from disposable syringes or manipulate.
Disposable syringes, blades scalpel,and other sharp objects must be placed in Puncture Resistant Containers for disposable.
Wash your hands with soap and water immediately after procedure or touching the patients. If mouth to mouth is likely to be performed in emergency during resuscitation, use mouthpiece resuscitation bags or other ventilation devices.
Protect yourself and others.
Thou shall not recap that needle because you can injure yourself.
Thou shall maintain and keep the standard precautions at all times.
Thou shall wear your gloves when in contact with blood or body fluids.
Honor your safety, keep your life and the life of others. Wash your hands with soap and water frequently for 20seconds.
Thou shall put on your mask when going to Isolation room or when dealing with splash.
Beds in heaven are full already, so you are not needed. Stay here on earth take care of your patients and enjoy your life. One life to live.
Understand your hospital policy and procedures. If you are not sure ask.There is no shame in asking but there are regrets when you do the wrong thing.