A Medical Consent is a process of communication between the healthcare professional and the patient that results in agreement or authorization for patient to undergo a special medical procedure.
WHY IS CONSENT NEEDED?.
Informed consent will be required for complex procedures or involve material risk that cannot be easily understood. The doctor will provide information to the patient that is needed so that patient can make an informed decision whether to undergo the procedure or to refuse the procedure recommended. Informed consent is required in all invasive procedures requiring procedural sedation or the moderate sedation.
IN WHAT OTHER AREAS DO THE MEDICAL HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS NEED TO OBTAIN CONSENT?.
It should be obtained in special cases such as :
Examples: Blood transfusions,
HIV testing and procedures that result in sterilization.
WHAT WILL BE INCLUDED IN THE MEDICAL CONSENT?.
- The nature of the proposed surgery or treatment or procedure.
- What will the patient benefit from the proposed procedure.
- Explanation of the side effects which will include potential problems that might occur during recuperation or recovery.
- The next alternatives to care with minimal risks to patient and potential health benefits. The disadvantages of not receiving treatment.
- The Hospitals have roles in making sure that doctors obtain the necessary patient’s informed consent before the doctor is PERMITTED to perform the procedure. Except in AN EMERGENCY SITUATION.