WHAT IS SIRS?.(Systemic Inflammatory response syndrome)QUESTIONS.

This is a very serious condition in which there is inflammatory response throughout the body. It is known as a cascade of effects that are regulated response of the body to the infection. It is caused by:

Bacterial infection.(sepsis)

Pancreatitis or


It is marked by four SIRS criteria defined as:

Core body temperature >38.5°C(101.3°F).

Tachycardia (90beats per minute).

Tachypnea. That is increased respiration >20.

Leukocytosis or Leukopenia or bandemia.

Previously sepsis was defined as SIRS if is infection but not anymore.


1.Step throat is a bacteria infection that can lead to rheumatoid fever, poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis or sepsis. True or False.



Correct answer A.

2.A patient develops a urinary tract infection after an indwelling urinary catheter has been inserted.This would be known as:

A.An opportunistic infection.

B.An Iatrogenic infection.


D.Viral Infection.

Correct answer B.

Rationale: Infection that develops as a result of insertion of indwelling catheter is known as Iatrogenic. Illness caused by medical treatment due to the mistake made by a medical professional.

3.The highest mortality rate is associated with nosocomial infections that will involve the:

A. Intestinal infection.

B.Urinary tract infection.

C. Respiratory tract infection.

D.Ring worms.

Correct answer C.

Rationale: The highest mortality is associated with infection of the respiratory tract. Urinary tract and surgical sites are common sites to develop nosocomial infections but respiratory is the highest.

4.The smallest infectious agents that can cause infection are:





Correct answer A.

Rationale :The virus is the smallest of all microorganisms and cannot be seen with a nake eyes. Whereas this is not the case with yeast,bacteria or mold.They are larger infectious agents.

5.In the case of late onset meningitis symptoms can include temperature instability, vomiting, bulging fontanelle or seizures.

True or False.



Correct answer A.

6. Mnemonic for SEPSIS are :

S: Slurred speech.

I:Extreme shivering.

P: Passing no urine in a day.

S: Severe breathlessness.

I: I feel like I might die.

S: Skin that is mottled or discolored.

Nurses can use it to educate patients who come in contact about the signs and symptoms. Another simple Mnemonic are Temperature, Pulse ,respiration (TPR) True or false.

A.True .


Correct answer A.

7.Which hospitalized patients will be at risk for developing sepsis?.

A.A chain smokers.

B.A 34years old WBC of 6mm3.

C.70years man who who has indwelling catheter.

D.Hypertension and overweight.

Correct answer C.

Rationale: Indwelling catheters have been implicated in a majority of nosocomial infections.A,B,D are all wrong.

Published by edochie99

A Registered Nurse with over twenty years of hospital experience, an author with Masters Degree in Nursing,also Bachelor Degree in Nursing,graduated in 1996 from USC,University of Southern California.MSN in 2009 University of Phoenix.

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