THE HISTORY OF DIETARY RECOMMENDATIONS.

The US department of Agriculture making dietary publications known to the public have been an ongoing process for over a century. But has grown more sophistication over the years.

In 1894 the first Dietary recommendations were published by the US department of Agriculture (USDA)During that time specific minerals and vitamins have not been invented. Recommendation written by W.O Atwater the first director of experimentation section in US department of Agriculture.

In 1916 Caroline Hunt a nutritionist wrote the first US Department of Agriculture which was published.Food for children classified into five groups: Meat and milk, fats and fatty foods, vegetables and fruits, cereals, sugars and sugary foods.

In 1917 next publication on food for the public.

In 1921 expanded guide to suggest amount of food per week for average family.

In 1923 it was modified. In 1930 the financial impact of Great Depression had a huge effect on the guideline.

In 1933 USDA economist developed food plans at a four cost to help people with various income level shop for food. And Commodity Credit Corporation was established to provide loans for farmers. In the 1930s Congress passed legislation to support farmers. Legislation was enacted to provide financial support for schools and childcare centers.

In 1941 The first set of RDAs was recommended dietary Allowances was prepared by the Food and Nutrition board .The first edition in 1943.The purpose is to reflect the best scientific judgment on nutrition allowance for the maintenance of good health. Specific recommendations were given for the intake of calories and nine essential nutrients: Protein, iron, calcium, vitamins A and D,thiamine riboflavin, niacin and ascorbic acid.

In 1956 a new recommendation was published known as the “Basic Four” food groups: milk, meat, fruits and vegetables, and grains. This recommendations lasted for two decades.

In 1970 Research showed that consumption of excess fats,sodium and sugar can lead to chronic condition such as heart disease and stroke.

In 1977 the Senate decided to select committee on Nutrition and Human Needs published their dietary Goals for the United States of America. This publication opened a new direction for Dietary Guidelines. The objective became to avoid foods associated with the development of chronic diseases,moving away maintaining adequate nutrients. Because this publication was different from the previous guidelines the US department of Agriculture decided not incorporate the above goals into its own food plans and guidelines.

In 1979Hassle- free guide to a better nutrition.In 1980 The first nutrition and youth Health. In 1980 to 1990 the USDA continued to work on the development and publishing materials to help the general public use the US Department of Agriculture guidelines. In 1992 The most popular guidelines ” The Food Pyramid was established. It provides a graphic picture to guide consumers on how to make their food choices. It was widely used until the 21century.Nevertheless the growing body of research has linked nutritional intake to health and wellness making the focus on dietary guidelines unavoidable.

The first set of RDAs was recommended dietary Allowances was prepared by the Food and Nutrition board in 1941.The first edition in 1943.The purpose is to reflect the best scientific judgment on nutrition allowance for the maintenance of good health. Specific recommendations were given for the intake of calories and nine essential nutrients: Protein, iron, calcium, vitamins A and D,thiamine riboflavin, niacin and ascorbic acid.1956 a new recommendation was published known as the “Basic Four” food groups: milk, meat, fruits and vegetables, and grains. This recommendations lasted for two decades.

1970 Research showed that consumption of excess fats,sodium and sugar can lead to chronic condition such as heart disease and stroke.

In 1977 the Senate decided to select committee on Nutrition and Human Needs published their dietary Goals for the United States of America. This publication opened a new direction for Dietary Guidelines. The objective became to avoid foods associated with the development of chronic diseases,moving away maintaining adequate nutrients. Because this publication was different from the previous guidelines the US department of Agriculture decided not incorporate the above goals into its own food plans and guidelines. In 2011 reccommended guidelines of myplate which replaced the food pyramid was unveiled by former first lady mrs Michelle Obama. Also in 2011 Havard School of medicine 🩸💊introduced Healthy eating plate because they felt that myplate was incomplete. However myplate continued to be used until 2017.Review the history of dietary recommendations and guidelines.

Published by edochie99

A Registered Nurse with over twenty years of hospital experience, an author with Masters Degree in Nursing,also Bachelor Degree in Nursing,graduated in 1996 from USC,University of Southern California.MSN in 2009 University of Phoenix.

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