A.Hypotension,nausea and vomiting excessively.
B.Fear,Anxiety, Panic attacks and decreased body temperature.
C.Severe body pain, increased urinary output.
D.Confusion, muscle weakness,Seizure, Restlessness, Irritability, Lethargy, Extremely thirsty.
Correct answer is D.
Rationale: Hypernatremia is when sodium level is greater than 145mEq/L.If sodium levels become too high or too low, it can lead to serious illness and even death.
To treat the problem will include finding out the underlying causes and correction of the sodium levels.
Signs of Hyponatremia (Low Sodium less than 135mEq/L) include nausea, vomiting, muscle twitching, Seizure, lethargy, hypotension, cramps.
The major goal of treatment is to maintain sodium levels of 135mEq/L to 145mEq/L.
2.TRUE OR FALSE?.DO MOST AMERICANS HAVE DEFICIENCY IN SODIUM INTAKE?.
Correct answer is B.
Rationale: Most American diets have sufficient sodium. People are discouraged from adding table salt. In fact the common problem that we face in USA is the intake of too much amount of dietary sodium. Average Americans consume 3200mg in a day and some people will take in as much as 600mg a day.And this amount exceed our body physiological need of sodium. Dietary Guidelines Recommendation for Americans is 2,300mg sodium intake per day for adults (Equal to 1teaspoon of salt per day)
14years and lower should take less amount of salt in their diets.
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