PREVENT THE SPREAD OF INFECTION:The major concern of healthcare professionals is to prevent the spread of infection from one person to another or from place to place. Microorganism are often present in our environment. Some can be good for us and some can be bad for us.
EFFECTIVE KNOWLEDGE:The nurse should provide effective knowledgeable, collaborative efforts on the decontamination and treatment of infection through constant education ,working to keep environment safe and prevent infection.
HANDS WASHING:The nurse should wash hands with soap and water frequently for 20seconds before seeing the patient and after seeing the patient. If unable to wash hands should use hands sanitizer frequently. Monitor and follow up hospital infection surveillance programs such as sepsis alert.
ISOLATION:Provide Isolation as needed.Constantly disinfect the environment and keep surfaces clean. As we continue to see increased in viruses and immunocompromised individuals.
CONSTANT EDUCATION:Prevention of the spread of infection become the major focus for nurses. The nurse is the primary caregiver of the patient and should constantly educate patients and families about prevention of infection through Nursing Process.
NO BAREFOOT:Patient must not walk around barefoot.There are hospitals socks that very good and safe to walk with. And there are different colors blue,yellow and green with different sizes.Provide sock for the patient upon arrival to the unit.
In conclusion Clinical nurses can prevent infection by monitoring, performing, assuring compliance and eliminating infection in the hospitals and environment.
Infection is known as a disease state which is due to pathogens in our body.
What is Pathogen?.Pathogen is a virus or bacteria or other organisms that causes diseases in our body.
The infection agents that can make us sick are virus, bacteria and fungus. It finds a reservoir which can be through human being or animal.It grows and multiply then it will transfer to susceptible host through the air,contaminated surfaces, person to person contact through.
Port of Entry. This is the site through which the organism sneaks into the vulnerable host.
Through Inhalation that is through respiratory tract.
Absorption through mucous membrane for example the eyes.
Ingestion: That is through the gastrointestinal tract.
It must have a host to exist.
There are stages of infection such as the incubation period .For example COVID19 is 2 to 14days.
Incubation period is usually 2 to 21 days. This is the interval between the invasion of the body by the organism and the appearance of the symptoms of the organism. The nurse is in a position to stop the proliferation of this agent. Health Promotion and disease prevention through Immunization and vaccination to help to reduce or elimination of viruses.
Prodromal Stage. This is most infectious stage.
Full stage of illness. At this stage,the signs and symptoms of the disease are present.
Convalescent period. The recovery stage.