1.Exploratory Thoracotomy: It is a surgical intervention to find the cause of a disorder by opening a thoracic cavity.This is use to confirm suspected diagnosis of lung 🫁or chest disease especially for carcinoma for biopsy.

2.Pneumonectomy: This is Surgical removal of all or part of a lung, bronchogenic carcinoma when lobectomy will not remove all of lesion, tuberculosis when when other surgery will not remove all of diseased lung.

3.Lobectomy: Removal of one of the lung.Bronchogenic Carcinoma is confined to a lobe,bronchchiectasis,emphysematous blebs or bullae,lung abcess,tuberculosis,fungal infections,benign tumors.

4.Thoracoplasty:Removal of ribs,residual air space after surgery; chronic empyema space.

5.Wedge Resection: Removal of pie-shaped section from surface of lung; localized inflammatory disease such as TB,well- circumscribed benign tumors,metastatic tumors.

6.Decortication: Removal of fibrinous peel from visceral pleura; chronic empyema.

7.Bilobectomy:Removal of two lobes from the right lung; bronchogenic carcinoma when lobectomy will not be able to remove all the disease.

8.Sleeve Lobectomy:This is the Resection of main bronchus or the distal trachea with reanastomosis to a distal uninvolved bronchus: bronchogenic carcinoma to preserve functional parenchyma.

9.Segmental Resection:Segmentectomy: This is removal of one or more lung. Segments; bronchchiectasis; lung abcess or the cyst; metastatic carcinoma.

Published by edochie99

A Registered Nurse with over twenty years of hospital experience, an author with Masters Degree in Nursing,also Bachelor Degree in Nursing,graduated in 1996 from USC,University of Southern California.MSN in 2009 University of Phoenix.

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